Which and that. Do you know how to use them? I will admit, I'm pretty sure I have misused. In fact, I guarantee it. I see my CPs smirking. :)
Let's start off with which--This word is usually surrounded by commas and you use it if a group of words adds information. If you took it out of the sentence, the sentence would still mean the same thing.
Example: The cat, which is black and white, jumped off the ledge.
I'm adding information to which cat it is. Simple right?
Now let's head over to that--This word is used when you are limiting the things you are talking about. If you got rid of it, the sentence would mean something different.
Example: Cars that are black retain heat.
I'm specifying a specific type of car vs. all cars. If I took out that information the sentence would not have the same meaning.
Now, is this easy to see when you are writing? Not all the time. I could read a sentence over a million times and still miss it ( mainly because my eyes are crossed and my brain is fried). That's why we have crit partners, right?
I think I made that lesson easy.
Here are some links for more information.
Better writing skills.com
So, how is your usage of which and that? Any other tips?